Cost analysis of a school-based comprehensive malaria program in primary schools in Sikasso region, Mali

Roberta Maccario, Saba Rouhani, Tom Drake, Annie Nagy, Modibo Bamadio, Seybou Diarra, Souleymane Djanken, Natalie Roschnik, Siân E. Clarke, Moussa Sacko, Simon Brooker, Josselin Thuilliez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The expansion of malaria prevention and control to school-aged children is receiving increasing attention, but there are still limited data on the costs of intervention. This paper analyses the costs of a comprehensive school-based intervention strategy, delivered by teachers, that included participatory malaria educational activities, distribution of long lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLIN), and Intermittent Parasite Clearance in schools (IPCs) in southern Mali. Methods: Costs were collected alongside a randomised controlled trial conducted in 80 primary schools in Sikasso Region in Mali in 2010-2012. Cost data were compiled between November 2011 and March 2012 for the 40 intervention schools (6413 children). A provider perspective was adopted. Using an ingredients approach, costs were classified by cost category and by activity. Total costs and cost per child were estimated for the actual intervention, as well as for a simpler version of the programme more suited for scale-up by the government. Univariate sensitivity analysis was performed. Results: The economic cost of the comprehensive intervention was estimated to $10.38 per child (financial cost $8.41) with malaria education, LLIN distribution and IPCs costing $2.13 (20.5%), $5.53 (53.3%) and $2.72 (26.2%) per child respectively. Human resources were found to be the key cost driver, and training costs were the greatest contributor to overall programme costs. Sensitivity analysis showed that an adapted intervention delivering one LLIN instead of two would lower the economic cost to $8.66 per child; and that excluding LLIN distribution in schools altogether, for example in settings where malaria control already includes universal distribution of LLINs at community-level, would reduce costs to $4.89 per child. Conclusions: A comprehensive school-based control strategy may be a feasible and affordable way to address the burden of malaria among schoolchildren in the Sahel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number572
JournalBMC public health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 12 2017


  • Cost analysis
  • IPCs
  • IPT
  • Intermittent treatment
  • LLINs
  • Malaria
  • Malaria control
  • Mali
  • Programme costs
  • School health
  • Schools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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