We performed a cost-effectiveness analysis of a post-exposure chemoprophylaxis program for health care workers who sustained exposures to blood. We analyzed a program of (1) treatment with zidovudine alone versus no treatment and (2) treatment with three-drug therapy versus no treatment. Assuming that 35% of exposures were to HIV-positive sources, the zidovudine regimen prevented 53 HIV seroconversions per 100,000 exposures, at a societal cost of $2.0 million per case of HIV prevented. The cost per quality-adjusted life year saved was $175,222. A three-drug chemoprophylactic therapy program (postulating 100 % effectiveness and 35 % source HIV positivity), prevented 66 seroconversions per 100, 000 exposures, at a cost of $2.1 million per case of HIV prevented and $190,392 per quality-adjusted life year saved. Treating sources known to be HIV-positive and treating severe exposures were the most cost-effective strategies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine|
|State||Published - Sep 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health