Cover selection for steganographic embedding

Mehdi Kharrazi, Husrev T. Sencar, Nasir Memon

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The primary goal of image steganography techniques has been to maximize embedding rate while minimizing the detectability of the resulting stego images against steganalysis techniques. However, one particular advantage of steganography, as opposed to other information hiding techniques, is that the embedder has the freedom to choose a cover image that results in the least detectable stego image. This resource has largely remained unexploited in the proposed embedding techniques. In this paper, we study the problem of cover selection by investigating three scenarios in which the embedder has either no knowledge, partial knowledge, or full knowledge of the steganalysis technique. For example, we illustrate through experiments how simple statistical measures could help embedder minimize detectability, at times by 65%, in the partial knowledge case.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2006 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP 2006 - Proceedings
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 2006
Event2006 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP 2006 - Atlanta, GA, United States
Duration: Oct 8 2006Oct 11 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings - International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP
ISSN (Print)1522-4880


Other2006 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing, ICIP 2006
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAtlanta, GA


  • Cover selection
  • Steganalysis
  • Steganography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing


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