Covid-19: Data-driven mean-field-type game perspective

Hamidou Tembine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this article, a class of mean-field-type games with discrete-continuous state spaces is considered. We establish Bellman systems which provide sufficiency conditions for mean-field-type equilibria in state-and-mean-field-type feedback form. We then derive unnormalized master adjoint systems (MASS). The methodology is shown to be flexible enough to capture multi-class interaction in epidemic propagation in which multiple authorities are risk-aware atomic decision-makers and individuals are risk-aware non-atomic decision-makers. Based on MASS, we present a data-driven modelling and analytics for mitigating Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). The model integrates untested cases, age-structure, decision-making, gender, pre-existing health conditions, location, testing capacity, hospital capacity, and a mobility map of local areas, including in-cities, inter-cities, and internationally. It is shown that the data-driven model can capture most of the reported data on COVID-19 on confirmed cases, deaths, recovered, number of testing and number of active cases in 66+ countries. The model also reports non-Gaussian and non-exponential properties in 15+ countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number51
Pages (from-to)1-107
Number of pages107
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Data-driven
  • Dynamics
  • Game theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics


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