COVID-19 factors and self-injurious behaviors among US college students: findings from the healthy minds study 2020

Hans Oh, Caitlin Marinovich, Samantha Jay, Jonathan Marsh, Sasha Zhou, Jordan E. DeVylder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has dramatically altered the way of life in the United States, which may be linked to self-injurious behaviors. Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from the Fall 2020 Cohort of the Healthy Minds Survey, a non-probability sample of students enrolled at one of 28 universities across the United States. Participants completed an online survey during the COVID-19 pandemic (September–December, 2020). Results: Nearly a quarter of the sample (n = 6999) reported engaging in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), 12.41% (n = 3819) reported suicidal ideation, 4.98% (n = 1531) reported making a suicide plan, and 1.09% (n = 334) reported a suicide attempt over the past 12 months. When accounting for all COVID-19 factors in the same model, COVID-19 related concern, COVID-19 related discrimination, financial distress, and infection were significantly associated with NSSI, suicidal ideation, and suicide plan; caregiving was significantly associated with lower odds of engaging in non-suicidal self-injury. None of the factors were associated with suicide attempt. Conclusions: This study showed that various COVID-19 factors were related to SIB. Interventions may consider multiple dimensions of COVID-19 and their specific impacts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of American College Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • college students
  • coronavirus
  • COVID-19
  • non-suicidal self-injury
  • pandemic
  • suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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