Cross-Layer Multi-User Selection in 5G Heterogeneous Networks Based on Hybrid Beamforming Optimization for Millimeter-Wave

Ahmad Fadel, Ahmad Nimr, Hsiao Lan Chiang, Marwa Chafii, Bernard Cousin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Lack of coordination between network layers limits the performance of most proposed solution for new challenges posed by wireless networks. To overcome such limitations, cross-layer physical and medium access (PHY-MAC) design for multi-input-multi-output orthogonal frequency division multiple access system in heterogeneous networks (HetNETs) is proposed. In this paper, we formulate an optimization problem for hybrid beamforming, in a multi-user HetNET scenario aiming to maximize the total system throughput. Furthermore, analog beamforming is selected from a codebook containing a limited number of candidates for steering vectors. The proposed problem is non-convex and hard to solve. Thus it is relaxed by transforming it into a subtraction form of two convex funcions. Afterward we apply a group of well-known metaheuristic algorithms to calculate the normalized hybrid beamforming vectors. The optimal solution is obtained using an exhaustive search (ES) algorithm that provides an ideal solution, but with high complexity. In addition, zero-forcing-based approach (ZFA), matched filter (MF), and QR-based approach (QR) are applied to get quick sub-optimal solutions. Hence, we analyze the performance of our systems using the throughput metric. The simulation results show that QR algorithm outperforms ZFA and MF in low and middle signal-tonoise ratio (SNR) regime, while ZFA outperforms QR and MF at higher SNRs. Moreover, QR is close to the optimal solution ES.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 IEEE 30th Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781538681107
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2019
Event30th IEEE Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC 2019 - Istanbul, Turkey
Duration: Sep 8 2019Sep 11 2019

Publication series

NameIEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC
Volume2019-September

Conference

Conference30th IEEE Annual International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC 2019
Country/TerritoryTurkey
CityIstanbul
Period9/8/199/11/19

Keywords

  • 5G heterogeneous network
  • beamforming
  • Cross-layer
  • millimeter waves
  • orthogonal steering vector
  • user selection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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