Crosstalk of Hypoxia-Mediated Signaling Pathways in Upregulating Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 Expression in Keloid Fibroblasts

Qunzhou Zhang, Yidi Wu, Cindy H. Chau, David K. Ann, Charles N. Bertolami, Anh D. Le

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Keloids are skin fibrotic conditions characterized by an excess accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) components secondary to trauma or surgical injuries. Previous studies have shown that plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) can be upregulated by hypoxia and may contribute to keloid pathogenesis. In this study we investigate the signaling mechanisms involved in hypoxia-mediated PAI-1 expression in keloid fibroblasts. Using Northern and Western blot analysis, transient transfections, and pharmacological agents, we demonstrate that hypoxia-induced upregulation of PAI-1 expression is mainly controlled by hypoxia inducible factors-1α (HIF-1α) and that hypoxia leads to a rapid and transient activation of phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/Akt (PI3-K/Akt) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2). Treatment of cells with PI-3K/Akt inhibitor (LY294002) and tyrosine protein kinase inhibitor (genistein) significantly attenuated hypoxia-induced PAI-1 mRNA and protein expression as well as promoter activation, apparently via an inhibition of the hypoxia-induced stabilization of HIF-1α protein, attenuation of the steady-state level of HIF-1α mRNA, and its DNA-binding activity. Even though disruption of ERK1/2 signaling pathway by PD98059 abolished hypoxia-induced PAI-1 promoter activation and mRNA/protein expression in keloid fibroblasts, it did not inhibit the hypoxia-mediated stabilization of HIF-1α protein and the steady-state level of HIF-1α mRNA nor its DNA binding activity. Our findings suggest that a combination of several signaling pathways, including ERK1/2, PI3-K/Akt, and protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs), may contribute to the hypoxia-mediated induction of PAI-1 expression via activation of HIF-1α in keloid fibroblasts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-97
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume199
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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