The 2.5 Å resolution structure of a cocrystal containing the paired domain from the Drosophila paired (prd) protein and a 15 by site shows structually independent N-terminal and C-terminal subdomains. Each of these domains contains a helical region resembling the homeodomain and the Hin recombinase. The N-terminal domain makes extensive DNA contacts, using a novel β turn motif that binds in the minor groove and a helixturn-helix unit with a docking arrangement surprisingly similar to that of the λ repressor. The C-terminal domain is not essential for prd binding and does not contact the optimized site. All known developmental missense mutations in the paired box of mammalian Pax genes map to the N-terminal subdomain, and most of them are found at the protein-DNA interface.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)