Cyber-physical cascading failure and resilience of power grid: A comprehensive review

Md Zahidul Islam, Yuzhang Lin, Vinod M. Vokkarane, Venkatesh Venkataramanan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Smart grid technologies are based on the integration of the cyber network and the power grid into a cyber-physical power system (CPPS). The increasing cyber-physical interdependencies bring about tremendous opportunities for the modeling, monitoring, control, and protection of power grids, but also create new types of vulnerabilities and failure mechanisms threatening the reliability and resiliency of system operation. A major concern regarding the interdependent networks is the cascading failure (CF), where a small initial disturbance/failure in the network results in a seemingly unexpected large-scale failure. Although there has been a significant volume of recent work in the CF research of CPPS, a comprehensive review remains unavailable. This article aims to fill the gap by providing a systematic literature survey regarding the modeling, analysis, and mitigation of CF in CPPS. The open research questions for further research are also discussed. This article allows researchers to easily understand the state of the art of CF research in CPPS and fosters future work required towards full resolutions to the remaining questions and challenges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1095303
JournalFrontiers in Energy Research
StatePublished - Feb 9 2023


  • cascading failure
  • communication network
  • critical infrastructure
  • cyber-physical system
  • interdependency
  • power grid
  • resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Economics and Econometrics


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