Cyber-Physical Resilience of Electrical Power Systems Against Malicious Attacks: a Review

Sarmad Mehrdad, Seyedamirabbas Mousavian, Golshan Madraki, Yury Dvorkin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose of Review: In this paper, we study the literature on cyber-physical security of electrical power systems. The paper is intended to address the security strengths and weaknesses of the electrical power systems against malicious attacks. Recent Findings: The concept of holistic resilience cycle (HRC) is introduced to improve cyber-physical security of electrical power systems. HRC is a systematic view to the security of the power systems, characterized by its four stages as closely interconnected and explicable only by reference to the whole. HRC includes four stages of prevention and planning, detection, mitigation and response, and system recovery. Summary: Power systems are evolving from traditional settings towards more autonomous and smart grids. Cyber-physical security is critical for the safe and secure operations of the power systems. To achieve a higher security level for power systems, the research community should follow a systematic approach and consider all stages of the holistic resilience cycle in addressing security problems of the power systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-22
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2018


  • Cyber attacks
  • Cyber-physical security
  • False data intrusion attacks
  • Holistic resilience cycle
  • Internet of things
  • Physical attacks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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