Damage quantification and localization algorithms for indirect SHM of bridges

G. Lederman, Z. Wang, J. Bielak, H. Noh, J. H. Garrett, S. Chen, J. Kovačević, F. Cerda, P. Rizzo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents algorithms for diagnosing the severity and location of damage in a laboratory bridge model. We use signal processing and machine learning approaches to analyze the vibration responses collected both directly from the bridge model and indirectly from a vehicle passing over the model. Features are selected using principal component analysis (PCA), and a regression is performed using the kernel regression method. Various "damage" severities and positions are simulated on a laboratory bridge model by placing additional mass on the bridge. We perform two experiments; one to measure our ability to detect damage severity (i.e. size of the mass), and a second to measure our ability to detect damage location (i.e. position of the mass). In the first experiment, we vary the magnitude of the mass while keeping its location constant. In the second experiment, we vary the location of the mass while keeping its magnitude constant. In both cases, we use a portion of our data to train the algorithm, and another portion to test its validity. We report the accuracy of correctly quantifying the nature of the mass from the test data as a mean square error (MSE).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBridge Maintenance, Safety, Management and Life Extension - Proceedings of the 7th International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, IABMAS 2014
PublisherTaylor and Francis - Balkema
Pages640-647
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781138001039
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Event7th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, IABMAS 2014 - Shanghai, China
Duration: Jul 7 2014Jul 11 2014

Publication series

NameBridge Maintenance, Safety, Management and Life Extension - Proceedings of the 7th International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, IABMAS 2014

Other

Other7th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, IABMAS 2014
CountryChina
CityShanghai
Period7/7/147/11/14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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