Deceiving appearances. Communicating with facially inexpressive older adults.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The term "facially inexpressive" is introduced to describe individuals who have lost the ability to produce facial expressions as a result of a neuromuscular disorder. Difficulties in communication may be compounded by presentation of this condition in individuals of mature appearance because the expectation of diminished functioning may increase. Practical techniques are offered to circumvent inaccurate and potentially detrimental assumptions both practitioners and laypeople tend to make when communicating with older adults whose conditions prevent the normal yield of social cues. A case study is presented and implications for the wider geriatric population are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-43
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of gerontological nursing
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Gerontology


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