Deep learning based data recovery for localization

Wafa Njima, Marwa Chafii, Ahmad Nimr, Gerhard Fettweis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, we study the problem of euclidean distance matrix (EDM) recovery aiming to tackle the problem of received signal strength indicator sparsity and fluctuations in indoor environments for localization purposes. This problem is addressed under the constraints required by the internet of things communications ensuring low energy consumption and reduced online complexity compared to classical completion schemes. We propose EDM completion methods based on neural networks that allow an efficient distance recovery and denoising. A trilateration process is then applied to recovered distances to estimate the target’s position. The performance of different deep neural networks (DNN) and convolutional neural networks schemes proposed for matrix reconstruction are evaluated in a simulated indoor environment, using a realistic propagation model, and compared with traditional completion method based on the adaptative moment estimation algorithm. Obtained results show the superiority of the proposed DNN based completion systems in terms of localization mean error and online complexity compared to the classical completion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175741-175752
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2020


  • Convolutional neural networks (CNN)
  • Deep neural networks (DNN)
  • Indoor localization
  • Matrix completion
  • Received signal strength indicator (RSSI)
  • Trilateration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering


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