Deep Learning Performance Characterization on GPUs for Various Quantization Frameworks

Muhammad Ali Shafique, Arslan Munir, Joonho Kong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Deep learning is employed in many applications, such as computer vision, natural language processing, robotics, and recommender systems. Large and complex neural networks lead to high accuracy; however, they adversely affect many aspects of deep learning performance, such as training time, latency, throughput, energy consumption, and memory usage in the training and inference stages. To solve these challenges, various optimization techniques and frameworks have been developed for the efficient performance of deep learning models in the training and inference stages. Although optimization techniques such as quantization have been studied thoroughly in the past, less work has been done to study the performance of frameworks that provide quantization techniques. In this paper, we have used different performance metrics to study the performance of various quantization frameworks, including TensorFlow automatic mixed precision and TensorRT. These performance metrics include training time and memory utilization in the training stage along with latency and throughput for graphics processing units (GPUs) in the inference stage. We have applied the automatic mixed precision (AMP) technique during the training stage using the TensorFlow framework, while for inference we have utilized the TensorRT framework for the post-training quantization technique using the TensorFlow TensorRT (TF-TRT) application programming interface (API).We performed model profiling for different deep learning models, datasets, image sizes, and batch sizes for both the training and inference stages, the results of which can help developers and researchers to devise and deploy efficient deep learning models for GPUs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)926-948
Number of pages23
JournalAI (Switzerland)
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2023


  • automatic mixed precision
  • deep learning
  • optimization
  • performance
  • quantization
  • TensorRT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence


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