Deep learning-Using machine learning to study biological vision

Najib J. Majaj, Denis G. Pelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Many vision science studies employ machine learning, especially the version called "deep learning." Neuroscientists use machine learning to decode neural responses. Perception scientists try to understand how living organisms recognize objects. To them, deep neural networks offer benchmark accuracies for recognition of learned stimuli. Originally machine learning was inspired by the brain. Today, machine learning is used as a statistical tool to decode brain activity. Tomorrow, deep neural networks might become our best model of brain function. This brief overview of the use of machine learning in biological vision touches on its strengths, weaknesses, milestones, controversies, and current directions. Here, we hope to help vision scientists assess what role machine learning should play in their research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of vision
Issue number13
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018


  • Deep learning
  • Machine learning
  • Neural networks
  • Object recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


Dive into the research topics of 'Deep learning-Using machine learning to study biological vision'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this