Deep Neural Networks Improve Radiologists' Performance in Breast Cancer Screening

Nan Wu, Jason Phang, Jungkyu Park, Yiqiu Shen, Zhe Huang, Masha Zorin, Stanislaw Jastrzebski, Thibault Fevry, Joe Katsnelson, Eric Kim, Stacey Wolfson, Ujas Parikh, Sushma Gaddam, Leng Leng Young Lin, Kara Ho, Joshua D. Weinstein, Beatriu Reig, Yiming Gao, Hildegard Toth, Kristine PysarenkoAlana Lewin, Jiyon Lee, Krystal Airola, Eralda Mema, Stephanie Chung, Esther Hwang, Naziya Samreen, S. Gene Kim, Laura Heacock, Linda Moy, Kyunghyun Cho, Krzysztof J. Geras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present a deep convolutional neural network for breast cancer screening exam classification, trained, and evaluated on over 200000 exams (over 1000000 images). Our network achieves an AUC of 0.895 in predicting the presence of cancer in the breast, when tested on the screening population. We attribute the high accuracy to a few technical advances. 1) Our network's novel two-stage architecture and training procedure, which allows us to use a high-capacity patch-level network to learn from pixel-level labels alongside a network learning from macroscopic breast-level labels. 2) A custom ResNet-based network used as a building block of our model, whose balance of depth and width is optimized for high-resolution medical images. 3) Pretraining the network on screening BI-RADS classification, a related task with more noisy labels. 4) Combining multiple input views in an optimal way among a number of possible choices. To validate our model, we conducted a reader study with 14 readers, each reading 720 screening mammogram exams, and show that our model is as accurate as experienced radiologists when presented with the same data. We also show that a hybrid model, averaging the probability of malignancy predicted by a radiologist with a prediction of our neural network, is more accurate than either of the two separately. To further understand our results, we conduct a thorough analysis of our network's performance on different subpopulations of the screening population, the model's design, training procedure, errors, and properties of its internal representations. Our best models are publicly available at https://github.com/nyukat/breast_cancer_classifier.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8861376
Pages (from-to)1184-1194
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Deep learning
  • breast cancer screening
  • deep convolutional neural networks
  • mammography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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