Deliberative and Implemental Mind-Sets: Cognitive Tuning Toward Congruous Thoughts and Information

Peter M. Gollwitzer, Heinz Heckhausen, Birgit Steller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Study 1 established either deliberative mind-set by having Ss contemplate personal change decision or implemental mind-set by having Ss plan execution of intended personal project. Ss were subsequently requested to continue beginnings of 3 fairy tales, each describing a main character with a decisional conflict. Analysis revealed that deliberative mind-set Ss ascribed more deliberative and less implementational efforts to main characters than implemental mind-set Ss. In Study 2, Ss were asked to choose between different test materials. Either before or after making their decision, Ss were given information on deliberative and implementational thoughts unrelated to their task at hand. When asked to recall these thoughts, predecisional Ss recalled more deliberative and less implementational thoughts, whereas for postdecisional Ss the reverse was true. These findings suggest that deliberative and implemental mind-sets tune thought production and information processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1119-1127
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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