Delineation of the GPRC6A receptor signaling pathways using a mammalian cell line stably expressing the receptor

Stine Engesgaard Jacobsen, Lenea Nørskov-Lauritsen, Alex Rojas Bie Thomsen, Sanela Smajilovic, Petrine Wellendorph, Niklas H.P. Larsson, Anders Lehmann, Vikram Kjøller Bhatia, Hans Bräuner-Osborne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The GPRC6A receptor is a recently "deorphanized" class C G protein-coupled receptor. We and others have shown that this receptor is coactivated by basic L-α-amino acids and divalent cations, whereas other groups have also suggested osteocalcin and testosterone to be agonists. Likewise, the GPRC6A receptor has been suggested to couple to multiple G protein classes albeit via indirect methods. Thus, the exact ligand preferences and signaling pathways are yet to be elucidated. In the present study, we generated a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line that stably expresses mouse GPRC6A. In an effort to establish fully the signaling properties of the receptor, we tested representatives of four previously reported GPRC6A agonist classes for activity in the Gq, Gs, Gi, and extracellular-signal regulated kinase signaling pathways. Our results confirm that GPRC6A is activated by basic L-α-amino acids and divalent cations, and for the first time, we conclusively show that these responses are mediated through the Gq pathway. We were not able to confirm previously published data demonstrating Gi- and Gs-mediated signaling; neither could we detect agonistic activity of testosterone and osteocalcin. Generation of the stable CHO cell line with robust receptor responsiveness and optimization of the highly sensitive homogeneous time resolved fluorescence technology allow fast assessment of Gq activation without previous manipulations like cotransfection of mutated G proteins. This cell-based assay system for GPRC6A is thus useful in high-throughput screening for novel pharmacological tool compounds, which are necessary to unravel the physiologic function of the receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-309
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume347
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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    Jacobsen, S. E., Nørskov-Lauritsen, L., Thomsen, A. R. B., Smajilovic, S., Wellendorph, P., Larsson, N. H. P., Lehmann, A., Bhatia, V. K., & Bräuner-Osborne, H. (2013). Delineation of the GPRC6A receptor signaling pathways using a mammalian cell line stably expressing the receptor. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 347(2), 298-309. https://doi.org/10.1124/jpet.113.206276