Dementia-Related Disparities in Adult Day Centers: Results of a Bivariate Analysis

Jonelle Bofao, Marissa Bergh, Amy Zheng, Tina Sadarangani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: Adult day services (ADS) are a valuable resource for people living with Alzheimer’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (AD/ADRD) and serve a large population of late-life immigrants, often with limited English proficiency (LEP). This secondary data analysis examined potential disparities in diagnosis, dementia severity, medical complexity, and dementia-related behavioral problems in persons with AD/ADRD with LEP within the ADS setting. METHOD: The current study used data from TurboTAR, the electronic health record for ADS in California. Bivariate analyses were conducted to examine differences in clinical management for those with and without LEP. RESULTS: Of 3,053 participants included in the study, 42.3% had LEP. Participants with LEP had higher rates of emergency department use and medication mismanagement. However, due to non-standard data collection, there was a significant amount of missing data on language preference (38.1%) and race/ethnicity (46.5%). Although these findings suggest LEP may play a role in the clinical management of persons with AD/ADRD in ADS, missing data caused by lack of standardized collection compromise the results. CONCLUSION: It is essential to improve data collection practices in ADS on language, race, and ethnicity to help identify health disparities and promote equitable care for marginalized older adults. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 50(4), 42-47.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-47
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of gerontological nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Gerontology


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