Democratic accountability in development: The double standard

William Easterly

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Aid agencies and European and American development professionals, with occasional exceptions, have a double standardon political and civil liberties in the world. While this group would never countenance major violations of liberties in their home countries, they appear largely indifferent to whether such liberties exist in developing countries. Some in this group would go further and welcome authoritarian regimes for development. This paper provides evidence for this double standard today, and traces the historical roots of the double standard. It argues that development prospects would be enhanced by embracing the same standards on liberties for both rich and poor nations.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1075-1104
    Number of pages30
    JournalSocial Research
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - 2010

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cultural Studies
    • General Social Sciences
    • Philosophy
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • History
    • Political Science and International Relations
    • Sociology and Political Science


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