Demographic and Transition Service Predictors of Employment Outcomes for Youth Receiving Supplemental Security Income

Ellie C. Hartman, Weneaka Jones, Rachel Friefeld Kesselmayer, Emily A. Brinck, Audrey Trainor, Alicia Reinhard, Rita K. Fuller, Amanda Schlegelmilch, Catherine A. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Racially and ethnically diverse youth with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits were randomly assigned to usual services, including available school and vocational rehabilitation (VR) transition services, or enhanced case management and transition services through the Wisconsin Promoting Readiness of Minors in SSI (PROMISE) federal demonstration grant. A hierarchical logistic regression analysis demonstrated increased age, being African American, having a psychiatric disability, and transition services predicted higher youth employment rates. However, enhanced PROMISE transition services were no longer significant in the presence of VR services, suggesting the effect of enhanced services was mediated by increasing engagement in VR. Limitations and implications are discussed regarding the relationship between school and state VR transition services and postsecondary competitive integrated employment outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCareer Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • career development/employment
  • diversity and cultural issues
  • high school
  • postschool outcomes
  • state or federal systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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