Depression and HIV risk behavior among Seattle-area injection drug users and young men who have sex with men

Thomas Perdue, Holly Hagan, Hanne Thiede, Linda Valleroy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Psychological depression has been identified as a condition that may influence HIV risk behavior among injection drug users (IDUs) and men who have sex with men (MSM). In two Seattle studies, 1,228 IDUs and 429 young MSM completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D); the relationship between depression and injection and sexual risk behavior was assessed using logistic regression analysis. Forty-seven percent of IDUs had CES-D scores ≥23; a high score was significantly related to injection with a syringe used by another IDU (adjusted odds ratio 1.4) but not other injection risk behavior. Among MSM, CES-D scores ≥16 were related to reporting 3 or more sex partners in the last 6 months but not to other sexual risk behavior. This analysis suggests that psychological depression may influence certain HIV risk behavior in young MSM and IDUs, and that interventions addressing depression may be indicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-92
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS Education and Prevention
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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