Design of high-performance, power-efficient optical NoCs using Silica-embedded silicon nanophotonics

Elena Kakoulli, Vassos Soteriou, Charalambos Koutsides, Kyriacos Kalli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

With on-chip electrical interconnects being marred by high energy-To-bandwidth costs, threatening multicore scalability, on-chip nanophotonics, which offer high throughput, yet energy-efficient communication, form an alternative attractive counterpart. In this paper we consider silicon nanophotonic components that are embedded completely within the silica (SiO2) substrate as opposed to prior-Art that utilizes die on-surface silicon nanophotonics. As nanophotonic components now reside in the silica substrate's subsurface non-obstructive interconnect geometries offering higher network throughput can be implemented. First, we show using detailed simulations based on commercial optical tools that such Silicon-In-Silica (SiS) structures are feasible, derive their geometry characteristics and design parameters, and then demonstrate our proof of concept by utilizing a hybrid SiS-based photonic mesh-diagonal links network-on-chip topology. In pushing the performance envelope even more, we next develop (1) an associated contention-Aware photonic adaptive routing function, and (2) a parallelized photonic channel allocation scheme, that in tandem further reduce message delivery latency. An extensive experimental evaluation, including utilizing traffic benchmarks gathered from full-system chip multiprocessor simulations, shows that our methodology boosts network throughput by up to 30.8%, reduces communication latency by up to 22.5%, and improves the throughput-To-power ratio by up to 23.7% when compared to prior-Art.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 33rd IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, ICCD 2015
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1-8
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781467371650
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 14 2015
Event33rd IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, ICCD 2015 - New York City, United States
Duration: Oct 18 2015Oct 21 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 33rd IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, ICCD 2015

Other

Other33rd IEEE International Conference on Computer Design, ICCD 2015
CountryUnited States
CityNew York City
Period10/18/1510/21/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications

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