Designing unreinforced masonry models

Daniele Panozzo, Philippe Block, Olga Sorkine-Hornung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a complete design pipeline that allows non-expert users to design and analyze masonry structures without any structural knowledge. We optimize the force layouts both geometrically and topologically, finding a self-supported structure that is as close as possible to a given target surface. The generated structures are tessellated into hexagonal blocks with a pattern that prevents sliding failure. The models can be used in physically plausible virtual environments or 3D printed and assembled without reinforcements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number91
JournalACM Transactions on Graphics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2013


  • Field alignment
  • Masonry models
  • Optimization
  • Self-supporting surfaces
  • Tessellation
  • Thrust network analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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