Detection of Rossby Waves in the Sun using Normal-mode Coupling

Shravan Hanasoge, Krishnendu Mandal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rossby waves play a fundamental role in angular momentum processes in rotating fluids. In addition to the potential to shed light on physical mechanisms operating in the solar convection zone, the recent detection of Rossby waves in the Sun also serves as a means of comparison between different helioseismic methods. Time-distance helioseismology, ring-diagram analysis, and other techniques have all proven successful in recovering the Rossby-wave dispersion relation from analyses of Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager data (HMI). In this article, we demonstrate that analyses of two years of HMI global-mode-oscillation data using the technique of normal-mode coupling also show signatures of Rossby waves. In addition to providing an independent means of inferring Rossby waves, this detection lends credence to the methodology of mode coupling and encourages a more complete exploration of its possibilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL32
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019


  • Sun: helioseismology
  • catalogs
  • miscellaneous
  • surveys
  • waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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