## Abstract

Gravitational light deflection is known as one of three classical tests of general relativity and the angle of deflection may be computed explicitly using approximate or exact solutions describing the gravitational force generated from a point mass. In various generalized gravity theories, however, such explicit determination is often impossible due to the difficulty in obtaining an exact expression for the deflection angle. In this work, we present some highly effective globally convergent iterative methods to determine the angle of semiclassical gravitational deflection in higher- and infinite-derivative formalisms of quantum gravity theories. We also establish the universal properties that the deflection angle always stays below the classical Einstein angle and is a strictly decreasing function of the incident photon energy, in these formalisms.

Original language | English (US) |
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Article number | 032501 |

Journal | Journal of Mathematical Physics |

Volume | 59 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Mar 1 2018 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics