Development and Validation of the Counseling Self-Estimate Inventory

Lisa M. Larson, Lisa A. Suzuki, Keith N. Gillespie, Maria T. Potenza, Marilyn A. Bechtel, Alan L. Toulouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article describes the development of the Counseling Self-Estimate Inventory through 5 studies. A factor analysis (N = 213) yielded 5 factors that reflect counselor trainees' confidences in using microskills, attending to process, dealing with difficult client behaviors, behaving in a culturally competent way, and being aware of one's values. Reliability estimates indicate that the items are internally consistent (α =.93) and stable over time. Initial validity estimates show that the instrument is (a) positively related to counselor performance, self-concept, problem-solving appraisal, performance expectations, and class satisfaction; (b) negatively related to state and trait anxiety; (c) minimally related to aptitude, achievement, personality type, and defensiveness; and (d) sensitive to change over the course of master's practicum and across different levels of counselors. Also, trait anxiety and counseling self-efficacy were significant predictors of counselor trainee performance. The development of a reliable and valid counseling self-efficacy instrument has training and research implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-120
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Counseling Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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