Intramolecular cycloadditions of 5-vinyl-1,3-cyclohexadienes were studied with B3LYP/6-31G(d) density functional calculations. The one-atom tether dictates that the Z substituent becomes exo and the E substituent becomes endo in the TS. The geometry of the cycloaddition TS is typical of a pericyclic transformation except unusual twisting of the dienophile places the endo substituent in a relatively steric-free position and the exo substituent in a highly crowded position. The experimental rate differences between isomeric pairs of vinylcyclohexadienes can be explained by comparing reactant destabilization when a bulky group occupies the Z position of the starting alkene and transition state stabilization when a bulky group is endo in the cycloaddition TS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry