TY - JOUR

T1 - Differentially Private Combinatorial Optimization

AU - Gupta, Anupam

AU - Ligett, Katrina

AU - McSherry, Frank

AU - Roth, Aaron

AU - Talwar, Kunal

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2010 Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings. All rights reserved.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Consider the following problem: given a metric space, some of whose points are "clients," select a set of at most k facility locations to minimize the average distance from the clients to their nearest facility. This is just the well-studied k-median problem, for which many approximation algorithms and hardness results are known. Note that the objective function encourages opening facilities in areas where there are many clients, and given a solution, it is often possible to get a good idea of where the clients are located. This raises the following quandary: what if the locations of the clients are sensitive information that we would like to keep private? Is it even possible to design good algorithms for this problem that preserve the privacy of the clients? In this paper, we initiate a systematic study of algorithms for discrete optimization problems in the framework of differential privacy (which formalizes the idea of protecting the privacy of individual input elements). We show that many such problems indeed have good approximation algorithms that preserve differential privacy; this is even in cases where it is impossible to preserve cryptographic definitions of privacy while computing any non-trivial approximation to even the value of an optimal solution, let alone the entire solution. Apart from the k-median problem, we consider the problems of vertex and set cover, min-cut, k-median, facility location, and Steiner tree, and give approximation algorithms and lower bounds for these problems. We also consider the recently introduced submodular maximization problem, "Combinatorial Public Projects" (CPP), shown by Papadimitriou et al. [PSS08] to be inapproximable to subpolynomial multiplicative factors by any efficient and truthful algorithm. We give a differentially private (and hence approximately truthful) algorithm that achieves a logarithmic additive approximation.

AB - Consider the following problem: given a metric space, some of whose points are "clients," select a set of at most k facility locations to minimize the average distance from the clients to their nearest facility. This is just the well-studied k-median problem, for which many approximation algorithms and hardness results are known. Note that the objective function encourages opening facilities in areas where there are many clients, and given a solution, it is often possible to get a good idea of where the clients are located. This raises the following quandary: what if the locations of the clients are sensitive information that we would like to keep private? Is it even possible to design good algorithms for this problem that preserve the privacy of the clients? In this paper, we initiate a systematic study of algorithms for discrete optimization problems in the framework of differential privacy (which formalizes the idea of protecting the privacy of individual input elements). We show that many such problems indeed have good approximation algorithms that preserve differential privacy; this is even in cases where it is impossible to preserve cryptographic definitions of privacy while computing any non-trivial approximation to even the value of an optimal solution, let alone the entire solution. Apart from the k-median problem, we consider the problems of vertex and set cover, min-cut, k-median, facility location, and Steiner tree, and give approximation algorithms and lower bounds for these problems. We also consider the recently introduced submodular maximization problem, "Combinatorial Public Projects" (CPP), shown by Papadimitriou et al. [PSS08] to be inapproximable to subpolynomial multiplicative factors by any efficient and truthful algorithm. We give a differentially private (and hence approximately truthful) algorithm that achieves a logarithmic additive approximation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85174739347&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85174739347&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:85174739347

SN - 1862-4405

VL - 9511

JO - Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings

JF - Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings

T2 - Parameterized Complexity and Approximation Algorithms 2009

Y2 - 13 December 2009 through 17 December 2009

ER -