Diffusion of flexible and semirigid polymers confined to the pore spaces in porous glass

K. H. Langley, I. Teraoka, F. E. Karasz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The dynamics of polymer chains in solution within the pore spaces of controlled pore glasses has been studied experimentally by using dynamic light scattering and theoretically by computer simulation. For flexible chains, we have explored the dependence of diffusion on the degree of confinement (i.e. on molecular weight or on Rh/Rp where Rh is the polymer hydrodynamic radius in free solution and Rp is the glass pore radius), molecular architecture, and time or distance scale of the diffusion measurement. Flexible chain diffusion over macroscopic distances may be understood in terms of hydrodynamic interactions with the pore wall at low and intermediate confinement, and in terms of an entropic barrier model at strong confinement. At intermediate scattering wavevector (qRp ≅ 1) the apparent diffusion coefficient is time-dependent, and exhibits a crossover from the free-solution value at short times to a smaller macroscopic (hindered) diffusion coefficient value at later times. Semirigid chains experience much stronger hindrance than flexible chains. We have developed a model of the dynamics based on reptation theory. The mean squared displacement of a sufficiently long chain is expected to display a power law time dependence; the exponent depends on the time, changing from approximately 1/4 at short times to 1 at long times. Diffusion measurements of a series of poly(hexylisocyanate) polymers in porous silica display a definite crossover to much slower hindered diffusion at higher molecular weight.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProgress in Colloid & Polymer Science
PublisherPubl by Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag
Pages153-155
Number of pages3
Volume91
ISBN (Print)0387914447
StatePublished - 1993
Event27th Europhysics Conference on Macromolecular Physics - Crete, Greece
Duration: Sep 23 1991Sep 27 1991

Conference

Conference27th Europhysics Conference on Macromolecular Physics
CityCrete, Greece
Period9/23/919/27/91

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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  • Cite this

    Langley, K. H., Teraoka, I., & Karasz, F. E. (1993). Diffusion of flexible and semirigid polymers confined to the pore spaces in porous glass. In Progress in Colloid & Polymer Science (Vol. 91, pp. 153-155). Publ by Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag.