Discovery of underground argon with low level of radioactive 39Ar and possible applications to WIMP dark matter detectors

D. Acosta-Kane, R. Acciarri, O. Amaize, M. Antonello, B. Baibussinov, M. Baldo Ceolin, C. J. Ballentine, R. Bansal, L. Basgall, A. Bazarko, P. Benetti, J. Benziger, A. Burgers, F. Calaprice, E. Calligarich, M. Cambiaghi, N. Canci, F. Carbonara, M. Cassidy, F. CavannaS. Centro, A. Chavarria, D. Cheng, A. G. Cocco, P. Collon, F. Dalnoki-Veress, E. de Haas, F. Di Pompeo, G. Fiorillo, F. Fitch, V. Gallo, C. Galbiati, M. Gaull, S. Gazzana, L. Grandi, A. Goretti, R. Highfill, T. Highfill, T. Hohman, Al Ianni, An Ianni, A. LaCava, M. Laubenstein, H. Y. Lee, M. Leung, B. Loer, H. H. Loosli, B. Lyons, D. Marks, K. McCarty, G. Meng, C. Montanari, S. Mukhopadhyay, A. Nelson, O. Palamara, L. Pandola, F. Pietropaolo, T. Pivonka, A. Pocar, R. Purtschert, A. Rappoldi, G. Raselli, F. Resnati, D. Robertson, M. Roncadelli, M. Rossella, C. Rubbia, J. Ruderman, R. Saldanha, C. Schmitt, R. Scott, E. Segreto, A. Shirley, A. M. Szelc, R. Tartaglia, T. Tesileanu, S. Ventura, C. Vignoli, C. Visnjic, R. Vondrasek, A. Yushkov

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    We report on the first measurement of 39Ar in argon from underground natural gas reservoirs. The gas stored in the US National Helium Reserve was found to contain a low level of 39Ar. The ratio of 39Ar to stable argon was measured to be ≤ 4 × 10- 17 (84% C.L.), less than 5% the value in atmospheric argon (39 Ar / Ar = 8 × 10- 16). The total quantity of argon currently stored in the National Helium Reserve is estimated at 1000 tons. 39Ar represents one of the most important backgrounds in argon detectors for WIMP dark matter searches. The findings reported demonstrate the possibility of constructing large multi-ton argon detectors with low radioactivity suitable for WIMP dark matter searches.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)46-51
    Number of pages6
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
    Volume587
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Mar 11 2008

    Keywords

    • Cryogenic noble gases
    • Dark matter
    • Low background detectors

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Instrumentation

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