Preattentive texture segregation was examined using textures composed of randomly placed, oriented line segments. A difference in texture element orientation produced an illusory, or orientation-defined, texture edge. Subjects discriminated between two textures, one with a straight texture edge and one with a "wavy" texture edge. Across conditions the orientation of the texture elements and the orientation of the texture edge varied. Although the orientation difference across the texture edge (the "texture gradient") is an important determinant of texture segregation performance, it is not the only one. Evidence from several experiments suggests that configural effects are also important. That is, orientation-defined texture edges are strongest when the texture elements (on one side of the edge) are parallel to the edge. This result is not consistent with a number of texture segregation models including feature- and filter-based models. One possible explanation is that the second-order channel used to detect a texture edge of a particular orientation gives greater weight to first-order input channels of that same orientation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems