Disparity- and velocity-based signals for three-dimensional motion perception in human MT+

Bas Rokers, Lawrence K. Cormack, Alexander C. Huk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


How does the primate visual system encode three-dimensional motion? The macaque middle temporal area (MT) and the human MT complex (MT+) have well-established sensitivity to two-dimensional frontoparallel motion and static disparity. However, evidence for sensitivity to three-dimensional motion has remained elusive. We found that human MT+ encodes two binocular cues to three-dimensional motion: changing disparities over time and interocular comparisons of retinal velocities. By varying important properties of moving dot displays, we distinguished these three-dimensional motion signals from their constituents, instantaneous binocular disparity and monocular retinal motion. An adaptation experiment confirmed direction selectivity for three-dimensional motion. Our results indicate that MT+ carries critical binocular signals for three-dimensional motion processing, revealing an important and previously overlooked role for this well-studied brain area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1050-1055
Number of pages6
JournalNature Neuroscience
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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