Motivated by recent pump-probe spectroscopies, we study the effect of phonon dissipation and potential cooling on the nonequilibrium distribution function in a Floquet topological state. To this end, we apply a Floquet kinetic equation approach to study two-dimensional Dirac fermions irradiated by a circularly polarized laser, a system which is predicted to be in a laser-induced quantum Hall state. We find that the initial electron distribution shows an anisotropy with momentum-dependent spin textures whose properties are controlled by the switching-on protocol of the laser. The phonons then smoothen this out, leading to a nontrivial isotropic nonequilibrium distribution which has no memory of the initial state and initial switch-on protocol, and yet is distinct from a thermal state. An analytical expression for the distribution at the Dirac point is obtained that is relevant for observing quantized transport.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Nov 20 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics