Distinct Growth Factor Families Are Recruited in Unique Spatiotemporal Domains during Long-Term Memory Formation in Aplysia californica

Ashley M. Kopec, Gary T. Philips, Thomas J. Carew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Several growth factors (GFs) have been implicated in long-term memory (LTM), but no single GF can support all of the plastic changes that occur during memory formation. Because GFs engage highly convergent signaling cascades that often mediate similar functional outcomes, the relative contribution of any particular GF to LTM is difficult to ascertain. To explore this question, we determined the unique contribution of distinct GF families (signaling via TrkB and TGF-βr-II) to LTM formation in Aplysia. We demonstrate that TrkB and TGF-βr-II signaling are differentially recruited during two-trial training in both time (by trial 1 or 2, respectively) and space (in distinct subcellular compartments). These GFs independently regulate MAPK activation and synergistically regulate gene expression. We also show that trial 1 TrkB and trial 2 TGF-βr-II signaling are required for LTM formation. These data support the view that GFs engaged in LTM formation are interactive components of a complex molecular network. Kopec et al. show that distinct growth factor families (TrkB and TGFrβ-II signaling) are recruited in unique spatial and temporal domains to regulate MAPK activation, gene expression, and the induction of long-term memory in Aplysia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1228-1239
Number of pages12
JournalNeuron
Volume86
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 3 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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