Distribution of calbindin D-28k in the entorhinal, perirhinal, and parahippocampal cortices of the macaque monkey

Wendy A. Suzuki, Angel Porteros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We examined the distribution of calbindin D-28k-immunoreactive (CB-IR) neurons, fibers, and neuropil in the entorhinal (area 28), perirhinal (areas 35 and 36), and parahippocampal (areas TH and TF) cortices in the macaque monkey. Two main findings are reported. First, except for CB-IR neurogliaform cells that are only observed in the parahippocampal cortex, the morphology of CB-stained pyramidal and nonpyramidal cells were similar across the three cortical areas examined. Second, we find that the topography of CB staining differed between the three areas. The entorhinal cortex exhibits the most striking gradient of CB staining such that the most anterior and medial portions are most strongly labeled, whereas posterior and lateral areas exhibit only weak labeling. The labeling throughout the perirhinal and parahippocampal cortices is more homogeneous. Area 35 contains only lightly stained neuropil and few CB-IR cells. Area 36 and areas TH and TF of the parahippocampal cortex contain a moderate to high density of CB-IR cells and fibers throughout their full rostrocaudal extents, although each area exhibits unique laminar patterns of staining. In all areas examined, the highest density of CB-positive cells and fibers is observed in superficial layers with lower densities of CB-positive cells and fibers present in deep layers. These findings, taken together with our current understanding of the connections of these areas may have implications for understanding the circuit properties of the entorhinal, perirhinal, and parahippocampal cortices areas in both normal and disease states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-412
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 30 2002


  • Calcium-binding protein
  • Cynomolgus monkey
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Medial
  • Temporal lobe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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