Diversity and education of the nursing workforce 2006–2016

Christine T. Kovner, Maja Djukic, Jin Jun, Jason Fletcher, Farida K. Fatehi, Carol S. Brewer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, The Future of Nursing, included recommendations to increase nurse diversity, the percent of nurses obtaining a bachelor's degree, and inter-professional education. Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report the progress toward achievement of these recommendations. Methods: We used a longitudinal, multi-state data from four cohorts of nurses newly licensed in 2004 to 2005, 2007 to 2008, 2010 to 2011, and 2014 to 2015 to examine and compare the trends. Finding: The percentage of males who became licensed increased, from 8.8% in 2004 to 2005 cohort to 13.6% in the 2014 to 2015 cohort. The percentage of white-non-Hispanic nurses who were licensed decreased from 78.9% in 2007 to 2008 to 73.8% in 2014 to 2015. These differences primarily reflect an increase in white-Hispanic nurses. More nurses are obtaining a bachelor's degree as their first professional degree, from 36.6% in 2004 to 2005 cohort to 48.5% in 2014 to 2015 cohort. About 40% of the 2014 to 2015 cohort reported that they learned to work in inter-professional teams. Collegial nurse-physician relations had an upward positive trajectory over time increasing almost 7%. Discussion: The diversity and education of new nurses have increased, but are short of meeting the IOM recommendations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-167
Number of pages8
JournalNursing outlook
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018


  • Health economics
  • Health professions education
  • Health services research
  • IOM report
  • Nursing
  • Workforce issues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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