Diversity and prosocial behavior

Delia Baldassarri, Maria Abascal

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Immigration and globalization have spurred interest in the effects of ethnic diversity in Western societies. Most scholars focus on whether diversity undermines trust, social capital, and collective goods provision. However, the type of prosociality that helps heterogeneous societies function is different from the in-group solidarity that glues homogeneous communities together. Social cohesion in multiethnic societies depends on whether prosocial behavior extends beyond close-knit networks and in-group boundaries. We identify two features of modern societies-social differentiation and economic interdependence-that can set the stage for constructive interactions with dissimilar others. Whether societal adaptations to diversity lead toward integration or division depends on the positions occupied by minorities and immigrants in the social structure and economic system, along with the institutional arrangements that determine their political inclusion.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1183-1187
    Number of pages5
    JournalScience
    Volume369
    Issue number6508
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 2020

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General

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