Do Fairly-Decided Maltreatment Determinations Significantly Reduce Recidivism? A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation of a System-Level Intervention Implementation

Amy M. Smith Slep, Richard E. Heyman, Danielle M. Mitnick, Michael F. Lorber, Sara R. Nichols, Daniel F. Perkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two studies examined the impact of the implementation of the Field-tested Assessment, Intervention-planning, and Response (FAIR) system, a system-level intervention for determining whether allegations of family maltreatment meet threshold for abuse or neglect, on alleged recidivism. Data were collected at the 10 U.S. Army installations with the largest family maltreatment caseloads. Participants were family members who had an allegation of family maltreatment (i.e., child maltreatment or partner abuse) during one of the two study periods. Data were collected when Family Advocacy Program staff used the then-in-place system (Case Review Committee) and later the FAIR system. In Study 1, cases were followed for 6 months following the initial maltreatment allegation to measure the occurrence of subsequent allegations of any type. Additionally, at five installations, alleged victims of partner abuse were recruited into a study (Study 2) in which they anonymously reported on intimate partner violence via telephone. In Study 1, the advantage for the FAIR condition was concentrated in cases with unsubstantiated initial determinations; the mean relative risk reduction for recidivism was 0.48. In Study 2, FAIR extended median time to recidivism by approximately 170%. These results replicate and extend earlier findings that employing the FAIR system can result in decreased family maltreatment re-offense.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • child maltreatment
  • child welfare
  • decision-making
  • FAIR system
  • fairness
  • implementation
  • partner abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Do Fairly-Decided Maltreatment Determinations Significantly Reduce Recidivism? A Quasi-Experimental Evaluation of a System-Level Intervention Implementation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this