Downregulation of proteinase-activated receptor-2, interleukin-17, and other proinflammatory genes by subantimicrobial doxycycline dose in a rat periodontitis model

Myrella L. Castro, Gilson C.N. Franco, Luciana S. Branco-De-almeida, Ana L. Anbinder, Karina Cogo-Müller, Sheila C. Cortelli, Simone Duarte, Deepak Saxena, Pedro L. Rosalen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Subantimicrobial dose doxycycline (SDD) has been used as an adjunct in periodontal treatment because of its matrix metalloproteinase inhibition properties. Although the benefits of SDD therapy, such as improvement in the parameters of periodontal probing depth and clinical attachment level, have been proven in multiple clinical studies, the comprehension of other biologic mechanisms of action on periodontitis remains poorly investigated. Therefore, this animal-model study evaluated the effects of SDD monotherapy on the expressions of the following key proinflammatory genes: proteinaseactivated receptor-2 (PAR2), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-a, interleukin (IL)-17, and IL-1b. Methods: Male Wistar rats were assigned randomly to the following: 1) control group: no ligatureinduced periodontitis and no treatment; 2) ligature group: ligature-induced periodontitis and placebo treatment; and 3) ligature + doxycycline group: ligature-induced periodontitis and SDD treatment. After the experimental time, animals were sacrificed, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was performed to analyze the mRNA expression of IL-1b, IL-17, TNF-a, and PAR2 in gingival tissue samples. Histologic analyses were performed on the furcation region and mesial gingiva of mandibular first molars to measure periodontal bone loss and collagen content. Results: SDD administration significantly downregulated PAR2, IL-17, TNF-a, and IL-1b mRNA expressions (P <0.05). In addition, SDD treatment was accompanied by lower rates of alveolar bone loss (P <0.05) and maintenance of the amount of gingival collagen fibers. Conclusion: These findings reveal new perspectives regarding SDD efficacy because it can be partially related to proinflammatory gene expression modulation, even considering PAR2 and IL-17, which has not been investigated thus far.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)203-210
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of periodontology
Volume87
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2016

Keywords

  • Alveolar bone loss
  • Doxycycline
  • PAR-2
  • Periodontal diseases
  • Receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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