Driving characteristics of young adults prior to and following concussion

Kristina E. Patrick, Emily Kroshus, Linda Ng Boyle, Jin Wang, Mayuree Binjolkar, Beth E. Ebel, Frederick P. Rivara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: This study sought to examine whether young adults who sustain concussions have different driving histories and pre-injury driving styles than uninjured peers. In addition, we assessed whether modifications were made to driving behavior in the acute period following concussion. Methods: Self-reported driving and demographic information was collected from 102 16- to 25-year-old drivers. Half of the sample had recently sustained concussions and the other half comprised a matched comparison group. Results: The groups reported similar pre-injury driving behaviors and styles. However, the recently injured group had more driving citations, higher rates of psychiatric disorders, and greater likelihood of having sustained a prior concussion. Self-reported driving habits postconcussion suggested that most drivers did not modify their driving behavior following concussion, though they were less likely to drive at night or with others in the car. Conclusion: Results highlight the need for postconcussion driving guidelines and support for returning to driving safely.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalTraffic Injury Prevention
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2024


  • Driving
  • concussion
  • young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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