Dynamin and Rab5a-dependent Trafficking and Signaling of the Neurokinin 1 Receptor

Fabien Schmidlin, Olivier Déry, Kathryn O. DeFea, Lee Slice, Simona Patierno, Catia Sternini, Eileen F. Grady, Nigel W. Bunnett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Understanding the molecular mechanisms of agonist-induced trafficking of G-protein-coupled receptors is important because of the essential role of trafficking in signal transduction. We examined the role of the GT-Pases dynamin 1 and Rab5a in substance P (SP)-induced trafficking and signaling of the neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R), an important mediator of pain, depression, and inflammation, by studying transfected cells and enteric neurons that naturally express the NK1R. In unstimulated cells, the NK1R colocalized with dynamin at the plasma membrane, and Rab5a was detected in endosomes. SP induced translocation of the receptor into endosomes containing Rab5a immediately beneath the plasma membrane and then in a perinuclear location. Expression of the dominant negative mutants dynamin 1 K44E and Rab5aS34N inhibited endocytosis of SP by 45 and 32%, respectively. Dynamin K44E caused membrane retention of the NK1R, whereas Rab5aS34N also impeded the translocation of the receptor from superficially located to perinuclear endosomes. Both dynamin K44E and Rab5aS34N strongly inhibited resensitization of SP-induced Ca2+ mobilization by 60 and 85%, respectively, but had no effect on NK1R desensitization. Dynamin K44E but not Rab5aS34N markedly reduced SP-induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal regulated kinases 1 and 2. Thus, dynamin mediates the formation of endosomes containing the NK1R, and Rab5a mediates both endosomal formation and their translocation from a superficial to a perinuclear location. Dynamin and Rab5a-dependent trafficking is essential for NK1R resensitization but is not necessary for desensitization of signaling. Dynamin-dependent but not Rab5a-dependent trafficking is required for coupling of the N1KLR to the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade. These processes may regulate the nociceptive, depressive, and proinflammatory effects of SP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25427-25437
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number27
StatePublished - Jul 6 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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