Ecological Momentary Assessment

Thomas R. Kirchner, Saul Shiffman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter addresses application of ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to substance use research, outlining principles of EMA design and analysis, and illustrates them with examples. It considers the way technological innovations are facilitating the rapid evolution of EMA systems, and provides recommendations on current best practices. The chapter reviews data on methodological issues such as compliance and reactivity. EMA sampling design focuses on the way assessments of individual- and systems-level processes are distributed over time and space. EMA methods reveal substance use patterns not captured by questionnaires or retrospective data, and hold great promise for substance use research and treatment. As EMA methods are further developed and broadly applied, they offer even more detailed insight into substance use and abuse. Further, application of EMA approaches to on-the-spot intervention with substance users holds potential to revolutionize treatment delivery. This edition first published 2013

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Addiction Psychopharmacology
Number of pages25
ISBN (Print)9781119978268
StatePublished - Jan 15 2013


  • EMA sampling design
  • EMA-based treatment
  • Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA)
  • Ecological momentary intervention (EMI)
  • Substance abuse research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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