Edge chipping and flexural resistance of monolithic ceramics

Yu Zhang, James J.W. Lee, Ramanathan Srikanth, Brian R. Lawn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective Test the hypothesis that monolithic ceramics can be developed with combined esthetics and superior fracture resistance to circumvent processing and performance drawbacks of traditional all-ceramic crowns and fixed-dental-prostheses consisting of a hard and strong core with an esthetic porcelain veneer. Specifically, to demonstrate that monolithic prostheses can be produced with a much reduced susceptibility to fracture. Methods Protocols were applied for quantifying resistance to chipping as well as resistance to flexural failure in two classes of dental ceramic, microstructurally-modified zirconias and lithium disilicate glass-ceramics. A sharp indenter was used to induce chips near the edges of flat-layer specimens, and the results compared with predictions from a critical load equation. The critical loads required to produce cementation surface failure in monolithic specimens bonded to dentin were computed from established flexural strength relations and the predictions validated with experimental data. Results Monolithic zirconias have superior chipping and flexural fracture resistance relative to their veneered counterparts. While they have superior esthetics, glass-ceramics exhibit lower strength but higher chip fracture resistance relative to porcelain-veneered zirconias. Significance The study suggests a promising future for new and improved monolithic ceramic restorations, with combined durability and acceptable esthetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1201-1208
Number of pages8
JournalDental Materials
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2013


  • Edge chipping
  • Flexural fracture
  • Glass-ceramic
  • Graded glass-zirconia
  • Monolithic restorations
  • Zirconia-based ceramic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Dentistry
  • Mechanics of Materials


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