Effect of Surgical Instrumentation Variables on the Osseointegration of Narrow- and Wide-Diameter Short Implants

Lukasz Witek, Marcelo Parra, Nick Tovar, Adham Alifarag, Christopher D. Lopez, Andrea Torroni, Estevam A. Bonfante, Paulo G. Coelho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The aim of the present study was to systematically analyze how a multifactorial surgical instrumentation approach affects osseointegration on both narrow-diameter and wide-diameter short implants. Materials and Methods: Twelve skeletally mature female sheep were used in the study along with 144 plateau-root-form healing chamber titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) implants (Bicon LLC, Boston, MA), evenly distributed between narrow (3.5 mm) and wide (6.0 mm) diameters. The presence or the absence of irrigation, different drilling speeds, and 2 time points quantifying bone-implant contact (BIC) and bone area fraction occupancy (BAFO) to evaluate the osteogenic parameters around the implants. Results: There were no signs of inflammation, infection, or failure of the implants observed at either healing period. The narrow 3.5-mm implant, at 6 weeks, yielded significant differences in terms of BIC at a drilling speed of 50 rotations per minute (RPM), with higher values of the samples using irrigation (30.6 ± 6.1%) compared with those without (19.7 ± 6.1%). No statistical differences were detected for 500 and 1,000 RPM with or without irrigation. The wide 6-mm diameter implant showed differences with respect to drilling speed, 500 and 1,000 RPM, with higher values associated with samples subjected to irrigation. BAFO results, for both diameters, only detected statistical differences between the 2 times (3 vs 6 weeks); no statistical differences were detected when evaluating as a function of time, drilling speed, and irrigation. Conclusions: Surgical instrumentation variables (ie, drilling speed [RPM] and irrigation) yielded to be more of an effect for BIC at longer healing time (6 weeks) for the wider implants. Furthermore, deploying narrow or wide plateau-root-form implants, where conditions allow, has shown to be a safe alternative, considering the high BIC and BAFO values observed, independent of irrigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)346-355
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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