Effects of a smoking cessation intervention in a homeless population: A pilot study

Donna Shelley, Jennifer Cantrell, Selena Wong, Doug Warn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To test the feasibility and effect of a smoking cessation intervention among sheltered homeless. Methods: Homeless smokers were enrolled in a 12-week group counseling program plus pharmacotherapy (n=58). Results: The mean number of sessions attended was 7.2; most participants used at least one type of medication (67%); and 75% completed 12-week end-of-treatment surveys. Carbon-monoxide-verified abstinence rates at 12 and 24 weeks were 15.5% and 13.6% respectively. Conclusion: Results support the feasibility of enrolling and retaining sheltered homeless in a smoking cessation program. Counseling plus pharmacotherapy options may be effective in helping sheltered homeless smokers quit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)544-552
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Homeless
  • Motivational interviewing
  • Nicotine addiction
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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