Effects of anatomical differences on electromagnetic fields, SAR, and temperature change

Leeor Alon, Cem M. Deniz, Giuseppe Carluccio, Ryan Brown, Daniel K. Sodickson, Christopher M. Collins

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Electromagnetic field simulations are increasingly used to assure RF safety of patients during MRI exams. In practice, however, tissue property distribution of the patient being imaged is not known, but may be represented with a pre-existing model. Repeatedly, agreement in transmit magnetic ( B1+) field distributions between two geometries has been used to suggest agreement in heating distributions. Here we examine relative effects of anatomical differences on B1+ distribution, specific absorption rate (SAR), and temperature change (ΔT). Numerical simulations were performed for a single surface coil positioned adjacent a homogeneous phantom and bovine phantom, each with slight geometric variations, and adjacent two different human body models. Experimental demonstration was performed on a bovine phantom using MR thermometry and B1+ mapping. Simulations and experiments demonstrate that B1+ distributions in different samples can be well correlated, while notable difference in maximum SAR and ΔT occur. This work illustrates challenges associated with utilizing simulations or experiments for RF safety assurance purposes. Reliance on B1+ distributions alone for validation of simulations and/or experiments with a sample or subject for assurance of safety in another should be performed with caution.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)8-18
    Number of pages11
    JournalConcepts in Magnetic Resonance Part B: Magnetic Resonance Engineering
    Volume46
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

    Keywords

    • Electromagnetic simulations
    • Local SAR
    • RF power deposition
    • SAR

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
    • Spectroscopy
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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