Eighty-nine smokers were randomly assigned to four nicotine gum treatments for smoking cessation: behavioral treatment plus a fixed schedule of nicotine gum, behavioral treatment plus an ad lib schedule, education plus a fixed schedule, and education plus an ad lib schedule. The four treatment conditions produced similar rates of abstinence (40.9% to 58.3%) at the end of 11 weeks of treatment. However, at 6-month follow-up, the subjects who had received behavioral treatment had a significantly better abstinence rate (36.7%) than those receiving education (17.5%). Nicotine gum schedule had no effect on treatment outcome.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health