Effects of full/partial haptic guidance on handwriting skills development

Akiko Teranishi, Timothy Mulumba, Georgios Karafotias, Jihad Mohamad Alja'Am, Mohamad Eid

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


It has been shown in previous studies that haptic guidance improves the learning outcomes of handwriting motor skills. In this paper, we present a comparison between full guidance and partial guidance using a haptic learning tool which supports these two modes. The full guidance mode leads the user along a pre-recorded trajectory, whereas the partial guidance mode allows the user a free movement and provides corrective forces if they deviate significantly from the desired path. Experimental results with 22 participants demonstrated that there is no significant difference between partial haptic guidance and full haptic guidance for improving learning outcomes, while both have significantly improved the learner's performance compared to no haptics feedback. However, when the two modes are combined, partial guidance followed by full guidance yielded better overall performance. We conclude the paper by summarizing our findings and providing perspectives for future work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 IEEE World Haptics Conference, WHC 2017
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509014255
StatePublished - Jul 21 2017
Event7th IEEE World Haptics Conference, WHC 2017 - Munich, Germany
Duration: Jun 6 2017Jun 9 2017

Publication series

Name2017 IEEE World Haptics Conference, WHC 2017


Other7th IEEE World Haptics Conference, WHC 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Sensory Systems
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Human-Computer Interaction


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