Effects of Gender and Race/Ethnicity on Perioperative Team Performance

Rebecca D. Minehart, Erica Gabrielle Foldy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


We judge each other every day using demographic characteristics (such as gender and race/ethnicity), and these social identities shape our lives in profound ways. The impacts of demographic diversity in perioperative teams are poorly understood, and mixed results are reported in other team-based work settings. Drawing from decades' worth of organizational behavior literature, the authors propose a model of critical factors related to interplays between diversity, communication, and conflict, all which take place in a hierarchical environment influenced by power differences. Evidence-based recommendations are provided, aimed at maximizing benefits of diversity in perioperative teams while minimizing negative consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-447
Number of pages15
JournalAnesthesiology Clinics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2020


  • Conflict
  • Diversity
  • Gender
  • Perioperative teams
  • Psychological safety
  • Race/ethnicity
  • Speaking up

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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